The Pushchinsky radio-astronomical observatory of the Astrospace center of Physical institute of P.N. Lebedev of Russian Academy of Sciences is a partner of PushGENI in the organization of faculty of Astrophysics and radio astronomy which functions since 2001.
The astrophysics as the direction is created on a joint of physics and astronomy. Besides, in astrophysics there were new applied directions among which studying and the forecast of solar and terrestrial communications, creation of the new time scales based on high stability of pulse radiation of pulsars, development of new ranges of frequencies of space radiation.
Development began with radio of range (radio astronomy) and is connected with creation and use of land radio telescopes; extra-atmospheric observations in infrared, ultra-violet, x-ray and scale ranges became possible; there were opportunities for carrying out radiointerferometrichesky observations by means of simultaneous measurements on land and orbital radio telescopes.
At implementation of the master program in common by the Observatory and PushGENI use the unique equipment (laboratory base), in particular, entering the register of unique physical installations of Russia - 3 radio telescopes:
1. 22-meter full-rotary precision RT-22 FIAN radio telescope of centimetric and millimetric wave band;
2. the antenna DKR-1000 FIAN East-West representing the parabolic cylinder the sizes of 40 m x 1000 m working with the wave band from 2,5 m to 10 m;
3. the phased antenna lattice of BSA FIAN which is consisting of more than 16000 vibrators on a wave of 2,7 m having the sizes of 187 m (V-Z) x 384 m (S-Yu).
The listed unique installations are demanded by other domestic and foreign astronomical institutions, for example, the Large scanning antenna FIAN radio telescope is one of the most highly sensitive radio telescopes of meter wave band in the world and very wide field of sight having at the same time.
The master educational program consists of the unique author's courses of lectures made by scientific and pedagogical employees of Observatory, as a part of which 4 doctors of physical and mathematical sciences, 2 candidates of physical and mathematical and 1 Candidate of Technical Sciences. Management of preparation of master theses is performed by world-class specialists - doctors and candidates of science.
Training of masters and graduate students in the field of all-physical disciplines includes profound studying of problems of modern astrophysics and also the general mechanisms of space radiation, a structure and evolution of the Universe. Special disciplines include courses of physics of space beams and neutrino astronomy, physics of space plasma, cosmology, courses on spectroscopy of atoms and molecules, mass spectrometry in space researches. The program of training of masters provides training of specialists, capable to solve as theoretical tasks, and to conduct work in the field of astrophysical experiments and observations.
In the course of training students are involved in scientific research in the following main directions:
- extragalactic radiation sources;
- spectral radio astronomy, pulsars and pulsarny astrometry;
- interstellar environment, solar wind;
- equipment and methods of radio-astronomical observations;
- information systems in astrophysics.
Graduates gain broad knowledge in the field of astrophysics and radio astronomy that allows them to conduct independent research on domestic and foreign radio telescopes, to carry out processing and the theoretical analysis of the received results, to project and create the modern equipment for carrying out radio-astronomical observations and also to be engaged in teaching activity in the educational organizations.